Unless you’re one of the 800,000-plus residents of South Dakota, it’s unlikely you’ve heard much about Senate Bill 106.

Introduced in the state legislature by a bipartisan group of seven senators and eight representatives last year, S.B. 106 mandates that companies that make more than $100,000 in sales or have more than 200 transactions per calendar year in South Dakota remit sales tax, whether they have a physical presence in the state or not.

In introducing the bill, legislators argued that, first, the state needs the revenue it’s missing from online sales and, second, that the current law of the land, so to speak--Quill Corp. v. North Dakota--needs to be re-evaluated.

Quill is the U.S. Supreme Court ruling from 1992 that prevents states from collecting sales tax from sellers with no physical presence in the state; the overarching argument of internet tax proponents everywhere is that this 25-year-old law is now wildly outdated given how consumers shop today.

S.B. 106 passed both houses with little opposition and South Dakota’s Republican governor, Dennis Daugaard, signed it into law in March 2016.

It wasn’t long after the bill’s passage that three online retailers, Overstock.com Inc., WayFair Inc. and NewEgg Inc., pushed back and the case wound its way through South Dakota’s legal system, landing with the state Supreme Court in short order.

Salt Lake City-based Overstock.com sells a variety of merchandise, including fine jewelry, ranking among the $100 Million Supersellers in the 2016 State of the Majors report and, spoiler alert, in the soon-to-be-published 2017 edition as well.

WayFair, meanwhile, is a Boston-based online seller of furniture and home décor, and City of Industry, California-headquartered NewEgg is an electronics retailer.

In a ruling issued last Wednesday authored by Chief Justice David Gilbertson, the court sided with the e-tailers, stating that: “However persuasive the state’s arguments on the merits of revisiting the issue, Quill has not been overruled. Quill remains the controlling precedent on the issue of Commerce Clause limitations on interstate collection of sales and use taxes.”

Despite the court’s siding with the internet sellers, Chris Fetzer of Haake Fetzer, the firm that lobbies for Jewelers of America on behalf of the industry in Washington, said that the authors of the bill do not view the ruling as a failure.

It is, in fact, exactly what they wanted.

“It was fully expected that it (S.B. 106) would be challenged as illegal. This law was written to be challenged within the court such that that the challenge could serve as a vehicle for the U.S. Supreme Court’s reconsideration of the Quill decision,” Fetzer told me Monday, adding that similar actions are being taken in other states, including Indiana and Alabama.

What has compelled them is a recent statement from U.S. Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy in the DMA vs. Brohl case, which reads in part: “[T]he internet has caused far-reaching systemic and structural changes in the economy” so that “a business may be present in a state in a meaningful way without that presence being physical in the traditional sense of the word.”

He said that it is “unwise [for the U.S. Supreme Court] to delay any longer a reconsideration of the court’s holding in Quill.”

I reached out to Overstock.com, the lone jewelry retailer out of the three, for comment on the ruling and Kennedy’s comments late Monday afternoon.

The company was not able to respond by press time, but board Chairman Jonathan Johnson told Bloomberg that proponents of online sales tax are putting too much emphasis on that statement from Kennedy and have no assurances that the U.S. Supreme Court will take up the case or, if it does, rule in their favor and overturn Quill.

I think the statement from Justice Kennedy is pretty clear, but Johnson is right about one thing: There is no guarantee that the Supreme Court will decide to hear the case, though the chances increase if more states get involved.

Fetzer said typically, what most attracts the Supreme Court to take up a case is a “circuit split,” when multiple federal appeals courts have ruled in conflict on a given issue.

That is not at play in this instance, but what also can be attractive is when there’s an issue that multiple states are concerned about, which could happen here as more states could join South Dakota in petitioning the Supreme Court to review Quill.

Johnson also is right about another thing: There is no guarantee the court will rule to overturn Quill even if it does take up the case.

But, Fetzer points out, Kennedy’s comments indicate that he would be in favor of changing Quill and the court’s newest justice, Neil Gorsuch, also has expressed his support for the arguments that have long been put forth by internet sales tax proponents.

The court’s next term commences in October, so there’s a chance it could revisit the Quill decision between next month and June 2018.

We’ll keep you posted.

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